Full Report

Budget 2016 Recommendations

The prosperity of Canadians and that of future generations depends on sustaining healthy ecosystems; unfortunately all are threatened by climate change, habitat loss, invasive species and pollution.

Budget 2016 provides the Government of Canada an opportunity to orient key federal public policies through a series of reforms within areas of federal and shared jurisdiction. In particular, the next federal budget can be a vital tool to build a strong Canadian economy by using pollution fees, removing ecologically harmful subsidies, redirecting fiscal policies and tax revenues to financing renewable energy, implementing green and natural infrastructure projects and supporting the adoption of clean technologies.

Clean Energy and Climate Leadership

Energy Efficiency

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Natural Resources Canada

To implement a series of initiatives to greatly improve energy efficiency in Canadian homes and businesses.

Investment required for 2016-2017: $30 million

Clean Energy and Climate Leadership

Renewable Energy

Environment and Climate Change Finance Canada Indigenous and Northern Affairs Natural Resources Canada

To accelerate the uptake of renewable energy technologies, helping to create opportunities for Canadian workers, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and address our most pressing environmental challenges.

 

Clean Energy and Climate Leadership

A National Carbon Pricing Standard

Environment and Climate Change Finance Canada

To coordinate a national carbon pricing standard, to support the provinces and territories in reaching a harmonized national carbon price across Canada of at least $50 per tonne of CO2 by 2020.

Investment required for 2016-2017: $2 million

Clean Energy and Climate Leadership

Energy Subsidy Reform

Environment and Climate Change Finance Canada

To begin the phaseout of production subsidies to the fossil fuel industry starting in Budget 2016.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $1 million

Estimated savings: $CAN 4.694 billion per year

Protecting our Changing Arctic

Protecting our Changing Arctic

Environment and Climate Change Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard Indigenous and Northern Affairs Transport Canada

To help protect our changing Arctic from climate change and ensure the sustainable development of Canada’s North.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $12 million

Infrastructure

Infrastructure and Climate Change Adaptation

Infrastructure and Communities Canada

 

To renew and increase funding for the Climate Change Adaptation Programs under the Clean Air Agenda, and to provide funding for investments in ecosystems that function as natural infrastructure.

Investment Required for 2016/2017 : $295 million

Infrastructure

Public Transit Funding

Infrastructure and Communities Canada

To implement new public transit spending.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $2 billion

Infrastructure

Green Infrastructure for First Nations Communities

Indigenous and Northern Affairs Infrastructure and Communities Canada

Green infrastructure thinking should be integrated into all investments in infrastructure on First Nations land. A co-ordinated approach that takes advantage of latest technologies, opportunities for First Nations communities to participate in green technology development, training for First Nations youth, and integration of green infrastructure approaches would pay big dividends for First Nations communities.

For 2016/2017: $514 million

Delivering on Canada’s Conservation Commitments

Leadership, National Parks and National Wildlife Areas

Environment and Climate Change Parks Canada

To lead nation-wide efforts to protect at least 17% of land and inland waters by 2020; create at least six new national parks and three new national wildlife areas by 2020, and identify additional new areas for protection through science-based plans; and strengthen management of all national parks, national wildlife areas and migratory bird sanctuaries to protect their ecological integrity.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $68 million

Delivering on Canada’s Conservation Commitments

Protecting Canada’s Species At Risk: Proper Species At Risk Act (SARA) Implementation Funding

Environment and Climate Change Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard Parks Canada

To increase “B-base” funding for the proper implementation of the Species at Risk Act.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $25 million

Delivering on Canada’s Conservation Commitments

Mark the Anniversary and Advance Migratory Bird Conservation

Environment and Climate Change

To mark the 100th anniversary of the Canada-United States Migratory Birds Convention and, to deliver on Canada’s responsibilities to conserve migratory birds and invest in conservation research, monitoring, and action.

For 2016/2017: $30 million (including $5 million for Migratory Birds Convention centenary)

 

Delivering on Canada’s Conservation Commitments

Conserving Canada’s Threatened Grasslands

Environment and Climate Change

To conserve biodiversity, sequester carbon, and support resilient ranching communities in Canada’s prairie grasslands.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $2 million

Delivering on Canada’s Conservation Commitments

Conservation on Private Land

Environment and Climate Change

For the restoration of lost or degraded habitats, namely wetlands & associated uplands, grasslands, southern forest ecosystems and other threatened habitats located on private lands throughout Canada, and associated programs.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $50 million

Delivering on Canada’s Conservation Commitments

Invasive Plant Species

Environment and Climate Change Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

To tackle the spread of aquatic invasive plants in key areas of Canada as part of the government’s commitment to watershed health.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $4,100,000

Delivering on Canada’s Conservation Commitments

Wetlands Inventory and Monitoring

Environment and Climate Change Natural Resources Canada

To make significant progress towards completing the Canadian Wetland Inventory (CWI) and to develop a Wetland Monitoring component as a core part of Natural Resources Canada’s National Terrestrial Monitoring Program.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $10 million

Delivering on Canada’s Conservation Commitments

Conserving Our Oceans

Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

To fulfill the government’s commitments to reach Canada’s international marine protection targets, and to ensure ocean health by investing in ocean planning to manage development, restore ocean science and monitoring capacity, and transform fisheries management.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $105.5 million

Engaging Canadians in Conservation

Canadian Conservation Corps

Employment, Workforce Development and Labour Environment and Climate Change

To support the creation of a Canadian Conservation Corps.

Engaging Canadians in Conservation

Connecting Canadians to Nature

Environment and Climate Change Health Canada

A leveraged funding program to connect Canadians to nature. This program would support partnerships with civil society groups to deliver nature-based activities, stewardship projects and outdoor recreation initiatives.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $5 million

Protecting Canada’s Fresh Water

Canada Water Fund: Investing in Robust National Monitoring and Clean Tech Industry

Environment and Climate Change

To establish the Canada Water Fund that supports innovative efforts by Canada’s water industry to develop, test, and commercialize made-in-Canada water quality and quantity monitoring technologies.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $2 million

Protecting Canada’s Fresh Water

Great Lakes Water Quality Protection

Environment and Climate Change Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard

A permanent allocation to Great Lakes funding.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $135 million

Health Environment, Healthy Canadians

Industrial Air Pollution and Ambient Air Standards

Environment and Climate Change Health Canada

To effectively research, monitor and regulate air pollution including completing the development and implementation of Multi-sector Air Pollutant Regulations and Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $125 million

Health Environment, Healthy Canadians

Office of Environmental Health Equity

Health Canada

To establish a new federal Office of Environmental Health Equity tasked with identifying and implementing mechanisms to ensure that all Canadians have the opportunity to enjoy the same level of protection from environmental health hazards and access to environmental health benefits.

Investment required for 2016-2017: $15 million

Health Environment, Healthy Canadians

Indoor Air: Tax Credit for Radon Remediation

Finance Canada Health Canada

Amend Division E of the Income Tax Act to add a tax credit of up to $3,000 available to individual Canadians for radon mitigation by experts certified by the Canadian National Radon Proficiency Program.

Investment required: Negligible.

Supporting Evidence-Based Decision Making

Measuring Ecological Goods and Services

Statistics Canada

To allocate seed funding for creating a second phase of the Measuring Ecosystems Goods and Services (MEGS) project to support inter-departmental research to track the “stocks” and changes in the ecosystems and ecological goods and services that are fundamental to Canadians’ health, economy and natural heritage.

Investment required for 2016/2017: $2.4 million