International Biodiversity Conservation

Global biodiversity loss cannot be brought under control without greater support from developed countries to developing countries, who hold most of the world’s biodiversity. A recent analysis called for doubling such aid.

As parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity prepare a post-2020 framework, Canada has the chance to emerge as a leader by matching the top donor countries (Norway, France, Sweden, Germany) in combined domestic and international biodiversity spending in relation to GDP. This would mean annual spending of $2.13 billion, which could be met with Canada’s current level of domestic spending and $650 million in international biodiversity aid. Canada can also help developing countries eliminate or repurpose subsidies and other incentives that harm biodiversity and improve the effectiveness and efficiency of resource use.

This investment would benefit Canadians and the world. Forests in the Congo Basin in Africa are responsible for some of the rainfall in North America. Canada’s migratory birds are being impacted by habitat loss in Latin America. Conservation lowers the risk of pandemics. Reducing tropical deforestation conserves biodiversity and is a low-cost way to immediately reduce greenhouse gas emissions. More broadly, tropical ecosystems are worth much more left intact than when degraded or converted to cattle ranching.

Recommended Investment:

$3.25 billion over five years, applied through the Global Environment Facility, bilateral agreements, and—offering excellent value—partnerships with conservation NGOs, which could include projects that empower Indigenous people to protect their lands. [GAC, ECCC]

See also International Climate Finance, earlier in this document.


Anne Lambert –
Doug Chiasson –